Labour & the environment

Background paper • Briefing note


Photo by Francis Vorhies

IGOs • NGOs • WILL 2006


IUCN - The World Conservation Union

Like the ILO, IUCN has a multi-stakeholder membership and governance structure. IUCN members include states, government agencies and non-governmental organisations. As it has state members, IUCN could be described as a non intergovernmental organisation. Its mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable."

Poverty and conservation

Labour and employment have never been an issue within IUCN expect in the context of poverty alleviation. Some relevant documents are listed here:

Poverty and Conservation: Landscapes, People and Power

Investing in Environmental Wealth for Poverty Reduction

Beyond Fences: Seeking Social Sustainability in Conservation is an on-line resource kit which addresses linkages between conservation and job creation.

Sustainable livelihoods

Labour and employment issues are also indirectly addressed in the closely related work on sustainable livelihoods. For example, the IUCN Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy has a "theme on sustainable livelihoods. It is concerned with "local aspects of environmental sustainability and community well being, in other words with community-based, equitable and sustainable management of natural resources, the generation of local wealth and the empowerment of local communities for their own social and cultural well-being" Publications in this area include:

Sustainable livelihoods

Sustainable livelihoods & climate change adaptation

Depend on Nature: Ecosystem Services supporting Human Livelihoods