Valuation in western Africa

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This page contains valuation case studies relevant to western Africa from the rest of Africa.

Eastern Africa


IUCN, 1996c
The opportunity costs of protected areas in Uganda

Peter Howard

(Assesses in financial terms the opportunity cost of excluding human settlement, cultivation and pastoral activities from Uganda's National Parks, Game Reserves and Forest Reserves.)


University of Alberta, 2005
Biodiversity and nature-based tourism: The potential for sustainable development in Uganda

Robin Naidoo and Wiktor L. Adamowicz
(More detailed staff paper of a study quantifying the costs and benefits of avian biodiversity at a rainforest reserve in Uganda)


WWF, 2005b
Economic benefits of biodiversity exceed the costs of conservation at an African rainforest reserve

Robin Nairoo and Wiktor Adamowicz
(Reports on a study quantifying the costs and benefits of avian biodiversity at a rainforest reserve in Uganda)

Southern Africa


CSERGE, 2001
Private supply of protected land in Southern Africa: A review of markets, approaches, barriers and issues

Wolf Krug
(A first attempt to assess the role of the private sector in supplying protected land or ‘land under wildlife’ in southern Africa.)


EcoPlus, 1993
Introducing lion into Pilanesberg: An economic assessment

Deborah Vorhies and Frank Vorhies

(Focuses on the economic impacts of introducing lion. Quantifies the expected benefits and the expected costs from their introduction.)


IIED, 1998
Economic valuation of communal rangelands in Botswana: A case study

Jaap Arntzen
(This paper undertakes a valuation exercise in an effort to address causes of under-valuation. The objective is to estimate the annual direct use value of an average hectare of communal rangeland in Botswana, based on an analysis of secondary data. The exercise incorporates the three major direct uses, both marketed and non-marketed, of rangelands - livestock, wildlife and gathering.)