Valuation in western Africa

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General valuation references

 


Valuation was on the agenda of the November 2005 SBSTTA 11 meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The following three papers produced by the CBD Secretariat provide a solid overview of biodiversity valuation:

CBD, 2005a
Incentive measures: Proposals on the application of tools for valuation of biodiversity and biodiversity resources and functions
UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/11/9

CBD, 2005b
Incentive measures: An exploration of tools and methodologies for valuation of biodiversity and biodiversity resources and functions
UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/11/INF/8

CBD, 2005c
Synthesis report on information received from Parties, other governments and organizations on non-monetary positive incentive measures and on the application of methodologies for the assessment of values of biodiversity and its functions
UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/11/INF/15


CSERGE, 2002
Valuing nature: Lessons learned and future research directions
R. Kerry Turner, Jouni Paavola, Philip Cooper, Stephen Farber, Valma Jessamy, and Stavros Georgiou
(A critical review of the environmental valuation literature to assess the policy relevance of valuation studies; CSERGE Working Paper EDM 02-05.)

Duke University, 1996
Pricing what is priceless: A status report on non-market valuation of environmental resources
V Kerry Smith
(An academic update on valuation.)

IUCN, 1998a
Economic values of protected areas: Guidelines for protected area managers
WCPA taskforce on economic benefits
(Introduces protected area managers to the concepts, methodologies, and language of economic valuation and includes a selection of case studies.)

IUCN, 2000
Lessons learned from environmental accounting: Findings from nine case studies
Joy Hecht
(Aims to shed light on environmental accounting through nine country case studies; Norway, The Netherlands, Sweden, France, Canada, The Philippines, Namibia, Germany, and the United States.)

IUCN, 2001a
How economic valuation can pay for conservation
Frank Vorhies
(A short introduction to economic valuation and ho we can use it to assess the benefits of ecosystem conservation as well as how these benefits are distributed among the stakeholders.)

OECD, 2002a
Handbook of biodiversity valuation: A guide for policy makers
OECD working group on economic aspects of biodiversity
(Describes the types of values usually associated with biodiversity. While there are exceptions to the need to prioritise economic values over other cultural, traditional and spiritual values, economic valuation has a sound theoretical foundation that can help clarify the tradeoffs implicit in public policy decisions. Also available in French.)

UNDP, 2005a
Investing in environmental wealth for poverty reduction
David Pearce, lead author
(Examines the economic case for investing in the environment, as a contribution to poverty reduction; argues that the environment is not a luxury good, which poor countries can do without, but an essential part of strategies to reduce poverty and foster sustainable growth.)

UNDP, 2005b
Sustaining the environment to fight poverty and achieve the MDGs: The economic case and priorities for action
David Pearce, lead author
(Examines the economic case for investing in the environment, as a contribution to poverty reduction; attempts to identify what environmental interventions contribute most efficiently to poverty reduction, in terms of net benefits to the poor.)

WBCSD, 2002
Business and biodiversity: The handbook for corporate action
Frank Vorhies, lead editor
(Provides information on the business case for biodiversity, an overview of hot issues, and guidance on biodiversity management strategies.)

World Bank, 2004a
How much is an ecosystem worth? Assessing the economic value of conservation
Stefano Pagiola, Ko
nrad von Ritter and Joshua Bishop
(Seeks to clarify how valuation should be conducted to answer specific policy questions.)

World Bank, 2004b
Assessing the economic value of ecosystem conservation
Stefano Pagiola, Konrad von Ritter and Joshua Bishop
(Seeks to clarify how valuation should be conducted to answer specific policy questions -- specifically, determining the value of the total flow of benefits from ecosystems, determining the net benefits of interventions that alter ecosystem conditions, examining how the costs and benefits of ecosystems are distributed, and identifying potential financing sources for conservation.)

WWF, 2005a
The green buck: Using economic tools to deliver conservation goals, a WWF field guide
Tom Le Quesne and Richard McNally
(Provides an introduction for the non-specialist to some of the approaches that economics can offer; sections include financing conservation, creating markets that support conservation, and influencing policies and plans.)